Miagao is one of the seven towns comprising the First District of Iloilo Province. It is situated 40 kilometers southwest of Iloilo City and 58 kilomenters from San Jose, the capital town of the Province of Antique.
Overlooking the Island of Negros towards China Sea, Miagao is bounded by the towns of Igbaras to the Northeast, by Guimbal to the East, by San Joaquin to the West and by Sibalom, Antique to the Northwest.
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Miagao belongs to the First District of Iloilo Province. It has one hundred nineteen (119) barangays divided into nine (9) legislative districts. The poblacion, with eight (8) barangays, is the smallest in terms of land area, but with the biggest population. The rest of the districts have at least a cluster 13-15 barangays each.
The Municipality has a total land area of 15,722.04 hectares. The poblacion, composed of eight (8) barangays, has an area of 299.54 hectares and the remaining 111 barangays has a total area of 15,422.50.
Miagao is partly coastal and partly mountainous town. In general, its terrain is rolling with mountain ranges serving as border between Miagao and part of province of Antique and other neighboring towns of Iloilo.
The poblacion is situated in a hill overlooking the sea and public institutions are located in a plateau. The low and high mountains lying close to the river, plus the narrow coastal plains stretching 16 kilometers are the varied topographical features of Miagao.
Miagao is rich in natural resources. It has vast forest reserves at Tabiac and Tulahong forestry areas. It has metallic and non-metallic reserves as indicated by the grains of sand found on the beaches. It has abundant source of ceramic clay used for pottery and mixtures of sand and lime stones called "Miagao Stone" used as building material like the one used in building the Miagao Church.
The inland bodies of water are composed of three main rivers, namely: Tumagboc, Oyungan and Bacauan. The other smaller rivers are Naulid, Oya-oy and Narat-an. They all flow to the Panay Gulf. The Oyungan River has colored stones.
Miagao has two pronounced seasons: dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. The maximum temperature stands at 32.2°C and the mimimum is 22.9°C. There are two (2) prevailing winds in the locality: the southwest monsoon known as habagat and the northeast monsoon called amihan.
Miagao has a total population of 55,904 people based on the 1995 report of the National Census and Statistics Office. The poblacion which is considered the urban area composed of eight (8) barangays has a total population of 8,949 persons while the rural barangays has 46,955.
Of the total population, 50.59% are males and 49.41% are females. Exactly 35% belong to the 0-14 year-old category; 42% compose the bracket of 15-44 years-old and the remaining 23% belong to the age group 45 years and older.
The poblacion has a density of 246.88 persons per square kilometer, which is higher than that of the rural areas which is 28.74 per square kilometer. Only 14.3% of the population resides in the poblacion while 88.7% resides in the rural areas.
Miagao is a nice and relatively peaceful place to live in. Ninety percent (90%) of the people are Catholics and this factor contributes a lot to the peaceful condition of the community. There are many professionals, seamen and overseas Filipino workers from the Municipality, indicative of its high literacy rate.
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